D8.2 Scenario based indicator exploration
This deliverable documents data and tools developed by the CLIP-C project for exploring scenario-based indicators.
The first part of the report gives an overview of the various climatic, demographic, socio-economic and land-use scenario data that were developed and/or post-processed for the CLIP-C portal. The underlying scenariosscenarios
Scenarios can be thought of as stories of possible futures. They allow the description of factors that are difficult to quantify. In the context of climate change scenarios are used for the future development of factors such as governance, social structures, future population growth, technical development and agriculture. These descriptions are essential to model the future climate. and methodologies are explained, including how the data were spatially disaggregated to comparable resolutions. The second part introduces four web-based tools of the CLIP-C portal that allow users to explore scenario-based data in different ways.
Overall, the carefully curated set of data and easy to use tools presented in this report allow users a first interactive exploration of scenarios on climate changeclimate change
Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions and persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use. Note that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in its Article 1, defines climate change as: 'a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods'. The UNFCCC thus makes a distinction between climate change attributable to human activities altering the atmospheric composition, and climate variability attributa impacts in Europe.
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